What is Malnutrition?
The World Health Organization defines malnutrition as “deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients.” Malnutrition can occur due to diet, environment, and a host of other conditions.
What Type of Malnutrition Exist?
Malnutrition can be a result of a lack of macronutrients or micronutrients. However, some of the most serious forms are with malnutrition in pediatrics or infants.
There are two serious types of malnutrition among children: severe acute malnutrition and moderate acute malnutrition.
Severe acute malnutrition, or SAM malnutrition, is the most extreme condition of malnutrition. Children experiencing severe acute malnutrition require urgent nutrition in order to survive. They have very low weight and have severe muscle wasting. Moderate acute malnutrition is also very serious but is less urgently life threatening. Children with MAM malnutrition also experience very low weight and muscle wasting.
What are the Right Foods For Malnutrition?
Children experiencing SAM and MAM malnutrition must be given a special diet. Their bodies are often unable to absorb the nutrients in normal food. Specialised malnutrition food and nutrition must be provided for them.
Generally, these children require high-energy milk and other ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) such as F75 and F100. These foods are specially formulated to give children experiencing malnutrition the essential food and micronutrients they need to recover.
What are the right Management for Severe Acute Malnutrition?
Severe acute malnutrition treatment usually starts with community health workers who can correctly identify SAM-affected children. These health workers then must assess the children for certain health risks and infections before beginning treatment with RUTF and therapeutic milk. The treatment of severe acute malnutrition should be managed by a team that includes the health workers, project managers, physicians, and malnutrition food suppliers.